Ressources totales: 304
This paper examines how FPIC has been applied in three projects in Vietnam and highlights two key lessons: 1) FPIC is likely to be more accepted by the government if it is built upon the national legal framework on citizen rights. 2) FPIC activities should be seen as a learning process and designed based on local needs and preferences.
This systematic review aims to identify the extent of community participation in community development projects implemented in Australian Indigenous communities, critically appraise the qualitative and quantitative methods used in their evaluation, and summarise their outcomes.
This paper discusses the use of Impact Benefit Agreements (IBAs) negotiated between industry and Indigenous communities, and Environmental Assessments (EA) that are legislated by the Canadian Government. The author argues that IBAs and EA have the potential to encourage the consultation and partnership of Indigenous people in the development process, with positive impacts on the development project. The Tahltan Nation’s use of IBAs and EA in the Galore Creek Project is examined as a case study.
This paper discusses the conflicts surrounding the use of Impact and Benefit Agreements (IBAs) negotiated between Indigenous communities and development companies. They suggest that these agreements exist outside of the legal framework of Environmental Assessment (EA) which generates conflict with environmental regulation. They also examine the conflict that can emerge when IBAs continue to negatively impact Indigenous peoples by not distributing mining benefits equitably between parties.
The impacts of contractual agreements between industry and Indigenous communities (IBAs), for Aboriginal peoples are considered. Positive impacts including increased economic and social opportunities are compared with the negative impacts such as damaged relationships and protections from government, environmental groups, and the juridicial system. This paper identifies strategies to address these impacts, to ensure that contractual agreements support community development.
This article analyzes Impact-Benefit Agreements (IBAs) negotiated between industry and Aboriginal communities in Northern Canada, to show that they may lead to an inequitable distribution of power in favour of industry. They argue that IBAs can prevent Indigenous communities from making informed decisions with respect to development and discourage information sharing between communities.