Total Resources: 44
This report describes the current attitudes towards FPIC among extractive industries, assesses challenges business encounter in implementing FPIC, and outlines the key tools and practices that companies can use to develop relationships with Indigenous peoples and implement FPIC. Consent is framed as an iterative, multi-layered, ongoing process of consultation, rather than a one-time seal of approval.
This article critiques the rhetoric of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) that is used by extractive industries in order to build a public image, that is not reflective of their true mining practices. They argue that because definitions of CSR are not universal and are based on voluntary requirements only, corporations can communicate public images that are potentially misleading. The necessity of developing a CSR-model of business practices is put forth as necessary for responsible development.
This compliation of business practices is intended to raise awareness of the corporate responsibility to respect indigenous peoples' rights and opportunity to support their rights.
FPIC and community protocol-type processes are being used to help claim rights and negotiate agreements in various biodiversity contexts. However, recent developments in international law in relation to access to genetic resources and benefit-sharing (ABS) have brought these participatory tools and processes centre stage.
This paper examines how FPIC has been applied in three projects in Vietnam and highlights two key lessons: 1) FPIC is likely to be more accepted by the government if it is built upon the national legal framework on citizen rights. 2) FPIC activities should be seen as a learning process and designed based on local needs and preferences.
This document reviews some of the economic considerations that may positively impact communities and guide decision making with respect to resource extraction on their territories. Economic impacts of development such as royalties or employment and training opportunities are presented as well as different models for economic negotiation including Memoranda of Understanding (MOU) or joint ventures.