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Knowledge is Power

This website provides information and resources on FPIC as a tool of self-determination to assist communities in decision making. We have selected articles, tool kits, videos, voice messages, and community stories about FPIC and consultation.

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Total Resources: 111

Free, Prior and Informed Consent is a new global model for relations between state governments and Indigenous communities. This article analyzes state-led consultations in Bolivia’s and Peru’s hydrocarbon sectors. Barriers to effective consultation include: lack of Indigenous ownership; Indigenous visions and demands not being understood; and limited or general outcomes.

This document reviews some of the economic considerations that may positively impact communities and guide decision making with respect to resource extraction on their territories. Economic impacts of development such as royalties or employment and training opportunities are presented as well as different models for economic negotiation including Memoranda of Understanding (MOU) or joint ventures.

This document reviews some of the dimensions that guide the decision-making processes of Aboriginal governments with respect to resource extraction development. Important decision-making processes such as Impact-Benefit Agreements (IBA), Environmental Assessments (EA), Socio-Economic Assessments, and Devolution are explained so as to support Indigenous communities engaged in negotiations with extractive industries.

Resource Extraction and Aboriginal Communities in Northern Canada: Social Considerations
Manual

This document reviews some of the potential issues and concerns that may arise with respect to the social dimensions of resource extraction, so as to alert Indigenous communities of the potential positive and negative impacts on their communities. The impacts of development on education and employment, housing, access to community and health services, and justice are considered.

Indigenous Peoples' Land and Resource Rights
Report

This report from the National Centre for First Nations Governance, discusses Indigenous rights to lands and resources in Canada over the last 50 years. They use a series of case studies related to resource extraction projects that have been developed on the traditional territory of Indigenous communities, to analyze the rights they are able to exercise. The analysis is used to determine the degree of Indigenous governance in this resource development projects.

The Crown’s Constitutional Duty to Consult and Accommodate Aboriginal and Treaty Rights
Report

In this report from the National Centre for First Nations Governance, Morellato discusses the importance of the Government’s duty to consult Aboriginal people with respect to their traditional lands, resources, and governance. She argues that the decisions made by the Crown can either facilitate Indigenous governance and self-determination or can extend injustice, marginalization and poverty. Important cases in Canadian law are examined followed by recommendations for consultation and reconciliation.

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