Total Resources: 96
This paper discusses the use of Impact Benefit Agreements (IBAs) negotiated between industry and Indigenous communities, and Environmental Assessments (EA) that are legislated by the Canadian Government. The author argues that IBAs and EA have the potential to encourage the consultation and partnership of Indigenous people in the development process, with positive impacts on the development project. The Tahltan Nation’s use of IBAs and EA in the Galore Creek Project is examined as a case study.
The impacts of contractual agreements between industry and Indigenous communities (IBAs), for Aboriginal peoples are considered. Positive impacts including increased economic and social opportunities are compared with the negative impacts such as damaged relationships and protections from government, environmental groups, and the juridicial system. This paper identifies strategies to address these impacts, to ensure that contractual agreements support community development.
This article analyzes Impact-Benefit Agreements (IBAs) negotiated between industry and Aboriginal communities in Northern Canada, to show that they may lead to an inequitable distribution of power in favour of industry. They argue that IBAs can prevent Indigenous communities from making informed decisions with respect to development and discourage information sharing between communities.
This article analyzes Impact-Benefit Agreements (IBAs) negotiated between Aboriginal communities and Mining companies in Australia. They argue that IBAs have become more prominent because of the lack of government enforcement of consultation procedures, and that the use of IBAs has negative impacts on Indigenous peoples. The authors suggest that IBAs undermine Indigenous cultural heritage and further structural inequity between Indigenous and settler communities.
Free, Prior and Informed Consent is a new global model for relations between state governments and Indigenous communities. This article analyzes state-led consultations in Bolivia’s and Peru’s hydrocarbon sectors. Barriers to effective consultation include: lack of Indigenous ownership; Indigenous visions and demands not being understood; and limited or general outcomes.
This document reviews some of the economic considerations that may positively impact communities and guide decision making with respect to resource extraction on their territories. Economic impacts of development such as royalties or employment and training opportunities are presented as well as different models for economic negotiation including Memoranda of Understanding (MOU) or joint ventures.