Total Resources: 186
This report describes the current attitudes towards FPIC among extractive industries, assesses challenges business encounter in implementing FPIC, and outlines the key tools and practices that companies can use to develop relationships with Indigenous peoples and implement FPIC. Consent is framed as an iterative, multi-layered, ongoing process of consultation, rather than a one-time seal of approval.
This article analyses selective land use and resource management policies in their ability to recognize the rights of First Nations and Aboriginal peoples and past Crown-First Nations relationships. This study completed a document analysis of provincial legal documents on how they address First Nation issues and areas for improvement. Findings show an urgent need for guidance on how provincial authorities improve policy on relations between First Nations and other jurisdictions.
This Guide focuses on the Asian Development Bank Safeguard Policy Statement of 2009 (ADB 2009 SPS) particularly its safeguard requirements for Indigenous Peoples. In addition, it features the ADB Accountability Mechanism of 2012. It also contains the principles and process of the Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC).
This article argues that FPIC processes must remain enduring, enforceable, and meaningful to be effective in resolving disputes between companies and communities. FPIC should benefit both the companies that have the consent of communities and benefit communities with control over resource-based development. The author argues that companies should undergo FPIC processes to tackle growing opposition to their projects in developing countries.
This article critiques the rhetoric of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) that is used by extractive industries in order to build a public image, that is not reflective of their true mining practices. They argue that because definitions of CSR are not universal and are based on voluntary requirements only, corporations can communicate public images that are potentially misleading. The necessity of developing a CSR-model of business practices is put forth as necessary for responsible development.
This article discusses the Community Referenda as a consultation strategy to achieve FPIC, in which each community member votes on a potential development project. The development and purpose of FPIC in International law is discussed in the context of mining projects in Latin America that have resulted in conflict. Community Referenda are seen as a democratic form of consultation in which the perspectives of stakeholders can be taken into account.