Results for:Decision Making
Total Resources: 123
Good governance is a foundation of effective social development where Indigenous people contribute to re-development of the Fourth World. UNDRIP principles of participation and consent include Indigenous rights to participate in decision-making and consult using FPIC before adopting measures that affect them.
The core lesson in the creation of UNDRIP was simple: collective action by Indigenous peoples could force major changes in national and international law. The process of improving conditions for Indigenous peoples has now moved to a different level. The socio-economic and cultural problems of Indigenous have been described globally, really for the first time.
The UNDRIP was defined at the time of its passage as an "aspirational document." Those governments that resisted the declaration — Canada, United States, Australia and New Zealand in 2007 and which signed on later in 2010 — worried that the creation of international law on Aboriginal rights would elevate Indigenous expectations.
FPIC and community protocol-type processes are being used to help claim rights and negotiate agreements in various biodiversity contexts. However, recent developments in international law in relation to access to genetic resources and benefit-sharing (ABS) have brought these participatory tools and processes centre stage.
This paper examines how FPIC has been applied in three projects in Vietnam and highlights two key lessons: 1) FPIC is likely to be more accepted by the government if it is built upon the national legal framework on citizen rights. 2) FPIC activities should be seen as a learning process and designed based on local needs and preferences.
This paper discusses the use of Impact Benefit Agreements (IBAs) negotiated between industry and Indigenous communities, and Environmental Assessments (EA) that are legislated by the Canadian Government. The author argues that IBAs and EA have the potential to encourage the consultation and partnership of Indigenous people in the development process, with positive impacts on the development project. The Tahltan Nation’s use of IBAs and EA in the Galore Creek Project is examined as a case study.