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Knowledge is Power

This website provides information and resources on FPIC as a tool of self-determination to assist communities in decision making. We have selected articles, tool kits, videos, voice messages, and community stories about FPIC and consultation.

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Total Resources: 43

Impact and Benefit Agreements: A Contentious Issue for Environmental and Aboriginal Justice
Scientific Paper

This paper discusses the conflicts surrounding the use of Impact and Benefit Agreements (IBAs) negotiated between Indigenous communities and development companies. They suggest that these agreements exist outside of the legal framework of Environmental Assessment (EA) which generates conflict with environmental regulation. They also examine the conflict that can emerge when IBAs continue to negatively impact Indigenous peoples by not distributing mining benefits equitably between parties.

The impacts of contractual agreements between industry and Indigenous communities (IBAs), for Aboriginal peoples are considered. Positive impacts including increased economic and social opportunities are compared with the negative impacts such as damaged relationships and protections from government, environmental groups, and the juridicial system. This paper identifies strategies to address these impacts, to ensure that contractual agreements support community development.

Negotiating Cultural Heritage? Aboriginal-Mining Company Agreements in Australia
Scientific Paper

This article analyzes Impact-Benefit Agreements (IBAs) negotiated between Aboriginal communities and Mining companies in Australia. They argue that IBAs have become more prominent because of the lack of government enforcement of consultation procedures, and that the use of IBAs has negative impacts on Indigenous peoples. The authors suggest that IBAs undermine Indigenous cultural heritage and further structural inequity between Indigenous and settler communities.

Free, Prior and Informed Consent is a new global model for relations between state governments and Indigenous communities. This article analyzes state-led consultations in Bolivia’s and Peru’s hydrocarbon sectors. Barriers to effective consultation include: lack of Indigenous ownership; Indigenous visions and demands not being understood; and limited or general outcomes.

This document reviews some of the economic considerations that may positively impact communities and guide decision making with respect to resource extraction on their territories. Economic impacts of development such as royalties or employment and training opportunities are presented as well as different models for economic negotiation including Memoranda of Understanding (MOU) or joint ventures.

The Politics of Indigenous Participation Through " Free Prior Informed Consent": Reflections from the Bolivian Case
Scientific Paper

2015 - English - Advanced

The Politics of Indigenous Participation Thr...

Jean Grugel, Lorenza Fontana


This article explores the challenges of ethnic-based participation and its potential for creating inclusive and effective forms of decision-making for marginalized social groups. Empirically, it examines a recent attempt to establish more participative forms of resource and development governance for indigenous communities in Bolivia through Free Prior and Informed Consent.

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