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Knowledge is Power

This website provides information and resources on FPIC as a tool of self-determination to assist communities in decision making. We have selected articles, tool kits, videos, voice messages, and community stories about FPIC and consultation.

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Total Resources: 88

Negotiating Cultural Heritage? Aboriginal-Mining Company Agreements in Australia
Scientific Paper

This article analyzes Impact-Benefit Agreements (IBAs) negotiated between Aboriginal communities and Mining companies in Australia. They argue that IBAs have become more prominent because of the lack of government enforcement of consultation procedures, and that the use of IBAs has negative impacts on Indigenous peoples. The authors suggest that IBAs undermine Indigenous cultural heritage and further structural inequity between Indigenous and settler communities.

Free, Prior and Informed Consent is a new global model for relations between state governments and Indigenous communities. This article analyzes state-led consultations in Bolivia’s and Peru’s hydrocarbon sectors. Barriers to effective consultation include: lack of Indigenous ownership; Indigenous visions and demands not being understood; and limited or general outcomes.

This document reviews some of the economic considerations that may positively impact communities and guide decision making with respect to resource extraction on their territories. Economic impacts of development such as royalties or employment and training opportunities are presented as well as different models for economic negotiation including Memoranda of Understanding (MOU) or joint ventures.

Demanding Free, Prior and Informed Consent Across Borders - Making Rights Real in Colombia
News Article

2012 - English - Technical

Demanding Free, Prior and Informed Consent A...

Aviva Chomsky


This article discusses a workshop that was conducted in Colombia in partnership between a U.S. based grassroots organization called Witness for Peace (WfP) and local community activists in Guatemala and Colombia. In the workshop, Guatemalans who had successfully been using FPIC to withhold their consent to development projects, taught the Colombians strategies with which to resist industry using community consultations and advocacy.

'Free Prior and Informed Consent', Social Complexity and the Mining Industry: Establishing a Knowledge Base
Scientific Paper

2014 - English - Advanced

'Free Prior and Informed Consent', Social Co...

Deanna Kemp, Owen John


In this article, the authors critically review the character of the current FPIC debate as it relates to mining, and outline four conditional factors required to safeguard against social risk.

An Analysis of Factors Leading to the Establishment of a Social Licence to Operate in the Mining Industry
Scientific Paper

In an effort to identify key determinants of SLO outcomes in the mining industry, this paper presents a comparative case study analysis of four international mining operations: Red Dog Mine in Alaska, USA; Minto Mine in Yukon, Canada; the proposed Tambogrande Mine in Peru; and the Ok Tedi Mine in Papua New Guinea.

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