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This document is a technical guide about Free Prior and Informed Consent. Best practices are listed for government organizations to respect FPIC, and for the NGO's, Indigenous groups and private investors can all follow their responsibilities within the FPIC model. Report created by the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO).
This manual discusses the relevance of ensuring Indigenous peoples right to FPIC to the policies and practices of the extractive industry, in addition to the responsibilities of government. The authors introduce the ‘spirit of FPIC’, to describe the key elements that must be included in an Indigenous community consultation framework including equal deliberation and consideration of everyone’s opinion. A framework for industry to implement FPIC is introduced.
Report developed by Forest Peoples Programme, which summarizes the progress made by Indigenous Peoples’ and organizations seeking to assess and apply the right of indigenous peoples ‘to give or withhold their free, prior and informed consent to actions that affect their lands, territories and natural resources’ (referred to as ‘the right to FPIC’). It is informed by field programmes, case studies, and indigenous peoples’ actual experiences which were also reviewed at a workshop in Indonesia in April 2007.
This guide is an introduction to Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC). It provides basic information about the right to FPIC and how this right can help people to have a say about development projects, such as dams, mines and, logging and other large infrastructure projects, which affect them in some way.
Negotiating FPIC is a process, consisting of informing affected persons about planned activities and their impacts and verifying that the information provided has been understood, before explicit consent can be negotiated. If people refuse, their decision must be respected. FPIC focuses on harmonising relationships between groups of different power and means.
Focusing on Cameroon, this article examines instances of land grabbing in the country, with a focus on the application of the principle of FPIC. The arguments in the article are inspired by international law in which the application of the principle in the context of land grabbing serves not only to protect the rights and interests of indigenous people but is also conducive to fostering and reinforcing the land governance regime of host countries involved in such deals.