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In this document the learnings from the collaborative project "on consultation and consent". It summarizes the issues brought up by multiple Indigenous Peoples that participated in the process. It highlights the importance of the themes of land titling, acknowledgement of ancestral lands, and the resistance to government and industry pressures.
This guide provides information specific for Colombian Indigenous groups. It mentions the specific legislation within the country supporting their rights. It also makes reference to FPIC. It provides relevant information as to the allies within the region.
In this report from the National Centre for First Nations Governance, Morellato discusses the importance of the Government’s duty to consult Aboriginal people with respect to their traditional lands, resources, and governance. She argues that the decisions made by the Crown can either facilitate Indigenous governance and self-determination or can extend injustice, marginalization and poverty. Important cases in Canadian law are examined followed by recommendations for consultation and reconciliation.
Tremendous progress has been made by Indigenous peoples over the last 20 years, but Indigenous peoples must now focus on spurring the private sector to make similar rights recognitions. By advocating the adoption of Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC), Indigenous peoples are changing business practices on a huge scale.
This article provides an overview of Indigenous peoples’ right to Free, Prior and Informed Consent (FPIC), including the meaning of each of these components. The legal basis for FPIC suggests that Indigenous peoples’ consent is required for any project that effects their lands or resources. The limits of FPIC are also discussed however, including the lack of clear definitions regarding consent and consultation, and the problems of non-enforcement by nation states.
Negotiating FPIC is a process, consisting of informing affected persons about planned activities and their impacts and verifying that the information provided has been understood, before explicit consent can be negotiated. If people refuse, their decision must be respected. FPIC focuses on harmonising relationships between groups of different power and means.