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This manual is a working guide for Indigenous peoples to understand FPIC in relation to projects related to REDD+. The objective of the manual is to explain to Indigenous peoples about FPIC and provide a guide on the application of FPIC in REDD+ activities. The manual should be adopted to the various needs of different communities.
Negotiating FPIC is a process, consisting of informing affected persons about planned activities and their impacts and verifying that the information provided has been understood, before explicit consent can be negotiated. If people refuse, their decision must be respected. FPIC focuses on harmonising relationships between groups of different power and means.
This manual aims to support National Human Rights Institutions (NHRIs) in the promotion and protection of the rights of Indigenous peoples, as outlined in UNDRIP. Chapter 3 of the report (p. 19), discusses the provisions relating to self-determination and Indigenous governance and their significance, including the use of Free, Prior, and Informed Consent as an extension of consultation processes.
The public forum portion of the Rise of the Fourth World conference in 2014 showcases the former national chief AFN, Ovide Mercredi; Special Rapporteur, Rodolfo Stavenhagen; Peruvian economist and advisor to Andean Coordinator of Indigenous Organizations, Luis Vittor; former president of Sami Parliament in Norway, Sven-Roald Nysto; Professor of Research and Maori and Indigenous Studies, Roger Maaka; and Commissioner Wilton Littlechild.
Former UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms of Indigenous Peoples, Rodolfo Stavenhagen joins host Andrew Thompson in this special edition of Inside the Issues for a discussion on indigenous rights. What are the unique challenges facing indigenous peoples today? What is the role and goal of the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues? And, how are countries, including Canada, doing when it comes to addressing indigenous rights issues?
This article by National Chief, Perry Bellegarde, discusses FPIC as an aspect of Indigenous people's inherent right to self-determination. He states that Indigenous peoples have rights to make decisions about the land, laws, and resources. Planning decisions cannot be made without Indigenous people's FPIC and must be free from oppression, outside interference, and negative impacts. Bellegarde calls on the Canadian government to adopt the declaration within federal legislation and to address the human rights violations that are occurring in Canada.